Capital: Bangkok

Geographic Coordinates: 15 00 N, 100 00 E

Population: 66,404,688. Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)<

Main Religion: Buddhism

Language: Thai

Government Type: Constitutional monarchy

Head of State: King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet or (BHUMIBOL Adulyadej) (since 9 June 1946); Prime Minister ABHISIT Vejjajiwa (since 17 December 2008)

Main Industries: tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer

GDP in US Dollars (per capita): $8,100 (2009 est.)

Currency Code: Thai baht (THB)

Life Expectancy: 66 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN 2007)

Environment - current issues: Air pollution from vehicle emissions; Water pollution from organic and factory wastes; Deforestation; Soil erosion; Wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

Issues facing Women and Children:

  • More than 1 million children are thought to be in need of special protection, including orphaned children, children affected by HIV/AIDS, street children, children with disabilities, children in conflict with the law, child labourers and children without birth registration.
  • The trafficking of children continues, both within Thailand and internationally.
  • An estimated 1 million children of primary school age either do not go to primary school or enrol years late.
  • Nearly 1 million children lack birth registration documents.
  • Despite increased HIV awareness, infection rates are rising among the young and among populations in parts of the South. An estimated 290,000 children have been orphaned by the HIV epidemic and around 2,000 children are thought to be born with HIV each year.

Land Mine Ban Signatory: Y

Local Media: Press: Bangkok Post, The Nation, Daily News, Thairath; Radio and TV: Radio Thailand, Thai TV3

Interesting Fact: Thailand's king Bhumibol Adulyadej assumed the throne in June 1946 and is the world's longest-reigning monarch. Thailand is one of the few countries in the world that still prosecute for lèse majesté charges, apart from Europe. Arrests have been made for not standing when the royal anthem – traditionally broadcast before all movies are screened at the cinema – is played.

Famous for: Phuket, Thai silk, tuk tuks, Tom yum, Pad thai, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Rama I, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V)


Official Tourism Website: