Country: TAJIKISTANtajikistan

Capital: Dushanbe

Geographic Coordinates: 39 00 N, 71 00 E

Population: 7,487,489 (July 2010 est.)

Main Religion: Islam

Language: Tajik, Uzbek, Russian

Government Type: Multiparty democracy

Head of State:  President Emomali RAHMON 

Main Industries: aluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers

GDP in US Dollars (per capita): $1,800 (2009 est.)    

Currency Code: Tajik somoni (Ts)          

Life Expectancy: 73 years (men), 79 years (women) 

Environment - current issues: inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides

Issues facing Women and Children: 

  • Poverty has forced a million Tajiks to work abroad. Such migration has financial benefits for workers’ families, but also social costs, leading to abandonment or institutionalization of children; some are forced into prostitution. More than 80 per cent of Tajikistan’s 11,000 institutionalized children are not orphans.
  • Mortality rates for infants (92 per 1,000) and children under five (118 per 1,000) are disturbing. Inadequate pre- and postnatal care, malnutrition and poor recognition of danger signs for childhood illnesses are leading causes of death.
  • Tajikistan spends just $12 per capita on health care, one of the lowest rates in the world. Education’s share of GDP is 2.8 per cent, also low, even for a low-income country.
  • Anaemia rates for women and children under five are high; goitre afflicts more than one in ten people; and vitamin A deficiency affects around a quarter of children.
  • There is no separate juvenile justice system. 

Land Mine Ban Signatory: Y

Local Media:Press:  Minbar-i Khalq, Jumhuriyat, Khalq Ovozi, Narodnaya Gazeta    Radio and TV:  Tajik TV, Radio Tajik, Radio Sado-i DushanbeInteresting Fact: Tajikistan has one of the lowest per capita GDPs among the 15 former Soviet republics. Only 7% of the land area is arable.  Nearly half of Tajikistan's population is under 14 years of age.           

Famous for: Avicenna (poet), Fann Mountains, Pamirs 


Official Tourism Website: