Capital: Taipei

Geographic Coordinates: 23 30 N, 121 00 E

Population: 23,024,956 (July 2010 est.)

Main Religion: Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity

Language: Mandarin Chinese (official), Min Nan Chinese (Taiwanese)

Government Type: Multiparty democracy

Head of State: President MA Ying-jeou; Premier (President of the Executive Yuan) CHANG Chun-hsiung

Main Industries:  electronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals   

GDP in US Dollars (per capita): $29,800 (2009 est.)    

Currency Code:

Life Expectancy:  64 years (men), 69 years (women) (UN 2007)

Environment - current issues: Air pollution; Water pollution from industrial emissions, Raw sewage; Contamination of drinking water supplies; Trade in endangered species; Low-level radioactive waste disposal

Issues facing Women and Children: 

  • The three main problems affecting children's health care in Taiwan are a shortage of specialized medical personnel, their uneven distribution, and insufficient spending by the government.
  • Taiwan has the second lowest birth rate among advanced countries, but its child mortality rate is the fourth highest, while too little of health insurance spending is devoted to children.

Land Mine Ban Signatory: N

Local Media: Press: United Daily News, Central Daily News, China Times, Taiwan Daily; Radio and TV: China Television Company (CTV), Chinese Television System (CTS), Taiwan Television Enterprise (TTV), Formosa Television (FTV), Broadcasting Corporation of China (BCC) , CBS-Radio Taiwan International, Public Radio System (PRS)

Interesting Fact: The media environment in Taiwan is among the freest in Asia, and extremely competitive.   There are hundreds of newspapers, all privately-owned and reflecting a wide range of views. Laws which prohibit the promotion of independence from China or communism are not generally enforced.

Famous for: Ang Lee, Sitou, Chiang Kai-shek, Kuomintang (KMT), Alishan,  Sun Moon Lake, Taiwan High Speed Rail, Taipei 101 (world's tallest building), High Mountain Oolong, stinky tofu


Official Tourism Website: