Country: PAKISTANpalestine

Capital: Islamabad

Geographic Coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E

Population: 177,276,594 (July 2010 est.)

Main Religion: Islam

Language: English, Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Baloch

Government Type: Federal republic

Chief of State: President Asif Ali ZARDARI (since 6 September 2008); Head of Government: Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza GILANI

Main Industries: textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp

GDP in US Dollars (per capita): $2,600 (2009 est.)

Currency Code: Pakistani rupee (PKR)

Life Expectancy: 65 years (men), 66 years (women) (UN)

Environment - current issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

Issues facing Women and Children:

  • Pakistan's maternal mortality ratio is estimated to be about 320 per 100,000 live births as compared to 17 per 100,000 live births in the United States.
  • One in ten children does not survive their fifth birthday with the majority of deaths due to diarrhea, pneumonia or vaccine-preventable diseases.
  • Thirty per cent of children are chronically malnourished and lack safe water and household sanitation, especially in rural areas.
  • Pakistan spends less than 2.5 per cent of its GDP on the education sector.
  • Just over half of the 19 million children of primary school going age are enrolled in primary education. Just over a third of Pakistani women are literate.
  • An estimated 3.6 million children under the age of 14 work, mostly in exploitative and hazardous labour.

Land Mine Ban Signatory: N

Local Media: Press: Daily Jang, The Nation, The Frontier Post, Daily Times; Radio and TV: Pakistan Television Corporation Ltd, Radio Pakistan

Interesting Fact: Pakistan is home to the world's highest paved highway at 4, 693 metres. Five of all the 14 mountains which rise above 8,000 metres are situated partially or fully within Pakistani territory, making it the country which has the second largest number of the world's highest peaks after Nepal.

Famous for: Benazi Bhutto, Pervez Musharraf, Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani (chief of the Pakistan military), Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Mohenjo Daro, Karakoram Highway


Official Tourism Website: