Country: LEBANONlebanon

Capital: Beirut

Geographic Coordinates: 33 50 N, 35 50 E

Population: 4,125,247 (July 2010 est.)

Main Religion: Islam, Christianity

Language: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Government Type: Republic

Head of State: President Michel SULAYMAN (as of 25 May 2008); Head of Government: Prime Minister Saad HARIRI

Main Industries: banking, tourism, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating

GDP in US Dollars (per capita): $13,100 (2009 est.)

Currency Code: Lebanese pound (or lira) (LBP)

Life Expectancy: 70 years (men), 74 years (women) (UN)

Environment - current issues: Deforestation; Soil erosion; Desertification; Air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; Pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills

Issues facing Women and Children: Lebanese youth below the age of 25 years, who constitute more than half of the population, suffer from weak integration in the social environment and from the economic crisis. They are faced by unemployment due to lack of jobs, difficulty of getting into the work cycle and difficulty of securing a house or a place to live. Furthermore, they are directly affected by the deterioration of the educational level and system, and the changing cultural context which is leaving them helpless in front of the contradictory and changing norms around them.

Land Mine Ban Signatory: N

Local Media: Press: An-Nahar, Al-Safir, Al-Anwar; Radio and TV: Lebanon Broadcasting Corporation (LBC), Voice of Lebanon

Interesting Fact: Lebanon is the only country in the Middle East that does not have a desert. Home of the seafaring Phonecian Empire, its famous cedars have been used variously in history by the Egyptians to make mummies, the biblical prophet Moses to cure leprosy and by King Solomon to build his splendid temple.

Famous for: Phoenicians, Qadisha Valley, Tripoli, Elie Saab & Reem Acra (fashion designers), cedars, glassware, Khalil Gibran (poet), dabke (national dance), Shakira, Selma Hayek, Carlos Slim Helu ( Mexican telecomunications magnate who is ethnically Lebanese), Sister Marie Keyrouz (founder of The Ensemble of the Peace), Julia Boutros, shankleesh (Lebanese cheese)


Official Tourism Website: