Country: KUWAITkuwait

Capital: Kuwait

Geographic Coordinates: 29 30 N, 45 45 E

Population: 2,789,132.  Note:  includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2010 est.)

Main Religion: Islam

Language: Arabic

Government Type: Constitutional emirate

Head of State:  Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah 

Main Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials

GDP in US Dollars (per capita): $54,100 (2009 est.)

Currency Code:  Kuwaiti dinar (KD)

Life Expectancy: 76 years (men), 80 years (women) (UN

Environment - current issues:  Limited natural fresh water resources; Some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; Air and water pollution; Desertification

Issues facing Women and Children:

  • Many residents of the region have not shared in the wealth created by record oil prices and revenues. Unemployment is high.
  • Net primary-school enrolment rates in the region average about 84 per cent, with little gender disparity. Pre-school enrolment rates, however, are only about 10 per cent.
  • Abuse of women and children, low minimum age for marriage and quality of school curricula are issues of concern.
  • Injuries and accidents, particularly those involving automobile traffic, are the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality.
  • HIV/AIDS prevalence remains low, but there is a general lack of knowledge among the region’s population about how the virus is spread.

Land Mine Ban Signatory: Y

Local Media: Press: Al-Watan, Al-Rai al-Amm, Kuwait Times, Arab Times; Radio and TV: Kuwaiti TV, Al-Rai, Radio Kuwait

Interesting Fact: On average Kuwait only gets two days of rain every year but when it does happen, it's pretty spectacular, and can consist of large hail, incredible lightening, and strong downpours.

Famous for: Kuwait Towers, Pearl Diving festivals, Kubbar Island, archery, petroleum industry, Kuwaiti coffee, Emir Abdallah as-Salim as-Sabah, Al-Jahra