Country: ISRAELisrael

Capital: Jerusalem

Geographic Coordinates: 31 30 N, 34 45 E

Population: 7,353,985. Note:  the population estimates previously published on this site for the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights are under review, please check back in the future for revised estimates. (July 2010 est.)Main Religion: Judaism, Islam

Language: Hebrew, Arabic

Government Type:

Chief of State: President Shimon PERES (since 15 July 2007) Head of Government: Prime Minister Benjamin NETANYAHU (since 31 March 2009) 

Main Industries: high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, textiles, footwear

GDP in US Dollars (per capita): $28,400 (2009 est.)

Life Expectancy: 79 years (men), 83 years (women) (UN)

Currency Code: Israeli shekel (ILS)

Environment - current issues: limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

Issues facing women and children: Besides discrimination as a result of their Arab identity and exclusion due to illiteracy, Arab women in Nazareth, Israel are subject to conservative gender perspectives within their own communities.

Land  Mine Ban Signatory: N

Local Media: Press: Yediot Aharonot, Ha'aretz, Jerusalem Post, Ma'ariv; Radio and TV: Israel Broadcasting Authority, Israel Broadcasting Authority, Galei Zahal - Israel Defence Forces (IDF)

Interesting Fact: The first PC anti-virus was developed in Israel in 1979 by the same company that developed the Melissa anti-virus program. Israel is one of the most highly educated countries in the world with the highest number of engineers, scientists and Ph.D's per capita (135 per 10,000). Israel was the first nation in the world to adopt the Kimberly process, an international standard that certifies diamonds as "conflict free."

Famous for: Zionism, Western Wall, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Dome of the Rock, Mount Hermon, Judean Desert, Dead Sea, Ariel Sharon, Golda Meir, David Ben-Gurion


Official Tourism Website: